U.S. Civics guide: Unbiased historical information about Colonial America - The American Revolution, Continental Congress - Civil War - annotations to the Constitution & Amendments - Federalist Papers - Landmark Supreme Court Cases - U.S. Constitution education
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Ms. Ramirez, M.Ed
an Historian, holds a degree in both U.S. History, and American Law and Society, also a Master in Education degree.
This site provides unbiased educational information and resources for:
United States Civics and Government, United States Constitution
United States History
United States Government Branches
This free website provides:
A sufficiently full and fair exposition of the pertinent facts.
Provides an educational foundation; information and materials for K-12 students, schools, colleges; and for the general public's edification.
We will add new information weekly, to provide more in depth understanding of America's history.
All information contained herein is based on original documents; reliable, unbiaised, academic secondary sources; U.S. government documents. Cited information is provided on individual pages where necessary.
Learning is FUNdemental!
United States History Government Structure
Rights and Responsibilities of Government and Citizens
The Supreme Court & the U.S. Constitution
Major Supreme Court decisions which shaped American civil liberties and commercial law and economic development. Major cases and events which changed and expanded the powers of the Judicial, Legislative and Executive Branches of the United States government.
Democracy & The Social Contract
United States Civics and government. Philosophical theories on the Social Contractct between governments and societies. Philosophers analyzed: Aristotle, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Hobbes, Mandeville, Althusius, Kauffman, Smith, et al.
Law & Society
Sociology of Law; Types of Law; Functions of Law. Analysis of the Consensus and Conflict Perspectives. The study of values, ideologies and interaction patterns that underlie the basic laws established in a society. Major legal systems studied: Romano-Germanic, Common Law, and Socialist legal systems.
Congressional process and parliamentary system; the structure and evolution of powers in the Senate and House of Representatives, and the rise of party government and the trends on committee politics, including the abuses of power.
American History - through the 20th Century
- History of the Common Law
- Pre-Colonial & Colonial America
- The American Civil War
- World Wars
- Evolution of Government Powers
- Evolution of minority Interest Groups
- Evolution of Civil Rights
- United States History
- United States Civics and Government
- United States Government
U.S. Women, Gender & Sexuality
Major Supreme Court decisions and Civil Rights efforts affecting societal behaviors and attitudes toward equal rights over time. Societal behaviors and changes and evolutions analyzed through modern time.
European History & World History
Analysis of civilizations and their government systems; the rise and fall of these systems over the centuries.
Study of major civil and country-state wars and conquests - and their affects on the social and economic lives of their citizens.
Special notice to WWI & WWII and the history of the Russian labor camps, and the Holocaust. Also, genocides across the globe.
The displacement and killing of Native-Americans, along with slavery and the brutalization of Africans; indentured servitude; public hangings of colonists; public humiliation and punishment in the town squares, and religious persecutions, are all a true part of America’s history.
The history of the World tells a story of brutality and usurpation by one group over another - and person against person. The history of humans shows us again and again that power left unchecked often reigns with terror.
When considering American history, keep in mind the world from where our forefathers and those flooding the "new" land had emigrated. Keep the norms of the previous centuries in mind when evaluating historical events.
Do not judge the actions of some as the will of the whole.
Domination, subjugation and murder was a way of life for literally thousands of years. It is not fair to judge past behaviors, events and people at the start of America by today's standards. Standards, which were brought about by the American ideals of hope for equality under the law & individual pursuit of life, liberty & happiness.
Although the U.S. Constitution was not a magic wand, it became a mirror that when reflected upon enacted positive changes toward human rights and civility. By adhering to the Constitution, many changes were forced upon those unwilling to abide by its words and spirit.
The rule of law - not man has controlled the worst offenders of life, liberty and the pursuit of individual and societal happiness.
America's forefathers studied philosophers of government and society, and imagined a new world not based on the caste/class system.
Even if the Constitution did not initially or purposely address women and other marginalized people, it provides for their protection and a system of recourse for grievances.
In America, grievances against the government or one against the other is fought in the courts, and this non-violent forum has been helpful in making changes and shaping our young society.
Humans have many failings, yet for the majority of people their quest has been and continues to be - to do better – learn from mistakes and make positive changes.
Any theory of government is not flawless, but a successful society develops a social contract that, as with America, has positive and reverberating effect across the world.
America's government and societal system has pushed the evolution of man toward respecting human rights for everyone. The United States government with all of its flaws is a government that justifies obedience and protection.
As we learn about the origins of the United States, we learn that despite where they came from and what was considered normal behavior at that time, there were many brave people who dared to change the status-quo.
Mob rule, oligarchies, dictatorships, authoritarianism and the like, are what the experiment of the American Constitution hopes to avoid.
For our Nation to succeed, it must hold firm to its founding principles and the great document - which is timeless, and the glue that holds our heterogeneous group of free-thinkers together. A free society brings hope for America's future.
This site promotes factual, unbiased, academic information – the good, the bad, and the brave.
American tradition - The pledge of allegiance before community events.
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Explore the Rights and Responsibilities American Citizen Participation
Explore the Responsibilities & Limits of the three Branches of Government.
Legislative, Judicial & Executive
Learn the history of the Colonial Government under King George III
Who, What, When, Where & Why?
Understand the Rights & Freedoms that protect all Americans
Rule Under Kings & Queens; Charters; Continental Congress & Articles of Confederation
From the King's Subjects to Rebels. Learn why and how the Colonists Fought to be Independent